Magyar may refer to:
Aluniş (Hungarian: Magyaró [mɒɡiɒroː]) is a commune in Mureş County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Aluniş, Fiţcău (Fickópataka) and Lunca Mureşului (Holtmaros).
Coordinates: 46°54′N 24°49′E / 46.9°N 24.82°E / 46.9; 24.82
Hungarian is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarian people in neighboring countries—especially in Romania, Slovakia, Serbia and Ukraine—and by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide. Like Finnish and Estonian, it belongs to the Uralic language family, with its closest relatives being Mansi and Khanty. It is one of the few languages of Europe that are not part of the Indo-European family.
The Hungarian name for the language is magyar [ˈmɒɟɒr] or magyar nyelv ( listen ). The word "Magyar" is also used as an English word to refer to Hungarian people as an ethnic group, or to the language.
Hungarian is a member of the Uralic language family. Linguistic connections between Hungarian and other Uralic languages were noticed in the 1670s, and the family itself (then called Finno-Ugric) was established in 1717, though the classification of Hungarian as a Uralic/Finno-Ugric rather than Turkic language continued to be a matter of impassioned political controversy through the 18th and into the 19th centuries. Hungarian has traditionally been assigned to a Ugric branch within Uralic/Finno-Ugric, along with the Mansi and Khanty languages of western Siberia (Khanty–Mansia region), but it is no longer clear that this is a valid group. When the Samoyed languages were determined to be part of the family, it was thought at first that Finnic and Ugric (Finno-Ugric) were closer to each other than to the Samoyed branch of the family, but this position is currently considered questionable.